Make a wide range of structural and nonstructural applications by using this Premium Standard and Better Douglas Fir Lumber. Douglas fir (aka Architectural Fir) is North America’s most plentiful softwood species, accounting for one fifth of the continent’s total softwood reserves. Douglas fir: see pine pine, common name for members of the Pinaceae, a family of resinous woody trees with needlelike, usually evergreen leaves. When properly dried, Hemlocks provide extremely stable lumber that resists checking or twisting. Douglas fir with a C & Better grade has no visible wood-knots and has an even-complexion. The overall quality of Douglas Fir wood makes up for the relative difficulty in working and treating it. 17 words related to douglas fir: fir, douglas fir, genus Pseudotsuga, Pseudotsuga, douglas fir, douglas hemlock, douglas pine, douglas spruce, green douglas fir. Douglas fir seeds provide food for a number of small mammals, including chipmunks, mice, shrews, and red squirrels. Its aroma is sweet and fresh with citrusy notes, and can be stimulating to the senses. Select & Better Grade 6' - 14' lengths. 1981 Mountain Creek Dr. Douglas fir works well with power tools. Douglas Fir Trees Grow Fast. Categories DOUGLAS FIR DOWELS DOUGLAS FIR DOWELS. A truly majestic tree, the Douglas Fir (Oregon State tree) is one of the main protagonists of the landscape of West US and Canada. To examine effects of heat waves on physiology and growth of Douglas-fir, seedlings were grown under high temperature (control +10°C) combined with high vapour pressure deficit (control +1. Adaptation: Douglas-fir needs excellent drainage. Adapted to a moist, mild climate, it grows larger and faster than Rocky Mountain Douglas-fir. The wood is exceptionally strong and is used for structural timber as well as poles, posts, dimensional lumber. 1 & BTR (in Douglas Fir, Douglas Fir-Larch, or Hem-Fir species only. Good to Know: Douglas Fir Resort and Chalets · Douglas Fir Resort and Chalets comes with a nice location that is close to hiking trails and the beautiful town of Banff. In general, the mean basal area increment of Douglas-fir (29. DOUGLAS FIR. Sawn as vertical grain, Douglas fir performs well as flooring and looks stunning as cabinetry. The money raised will help deliver grocery. (The one-word spelling "Redcedar" is an attempt to clarify this issue. Requires more water than Ponderosa Pine, but it is often found in the same areas. The douglas fir seem to be just under 400/ton right now where I can find them and EZblaze or american super premium are 255/ton. A lot of people ask “what is E-grade clear” Cee and better is the grade you will find most places, it is pretty nice but not necessarily perfect,, and it is expensive, running $6. We offer these products by the piece, package or truckload and regularly ship these items to the United States, Europe, Australia, New Zealand, and Asia. Douglas Fir for exposed timber. (2x5 through 4x18, intended for engineering applications for lumber 5" and wider, such as floor and ceiling joists, rafters, headers, small beams, trusses and general framing applications. CONCOLOR FIR Cibola, Carson Good Christmas tree and ornamental. W Douglas Fir Board by North Cal is more cost effective than redwood or cedar, without sacrificing durability and appearance. 3 1/8" Douglas Fir Bead Board from standard vertical grain material. Local delivery available, contact local store. Distress it before applying stain/glaze, and spend some effort rubbing it into the holes and dings. 1 x 5 Vertical Grain Rough. 5 cm 2 a −1) showed a significantly higher increment than in pure stands (26. This is a description of the douglas fir that is sold at Rustic Lumber Co. As well as the benefits of the species doug fir. QUICK GUIDE SERIES FM 2016-1 Douglas-fir Beetle About Douglas-fir Beetle Douglas-fir beetle (Dendroctonus pseudotsugae) is the most destructive bark beetle of mature Douglas-fir forests in western North America. We decided on thick douglas fir shelves for the reading room. It's crush strength was better than Douglas Fir but not as good as Yellow Pine, but 40 psf vs 41. Douglas Fir Timbers. I'm building a table and bench. Douglas Fir 6x10-8' Timber · #1 & Better · Green · S4S · Free of Heart Center and Wane. MCH (3-methylcyclohex-2-en-1-one, Figure 1) is a pheromone produced by Douglas-fir beetles and spruce beetles to tell other individuals of the same species that a tree is fully occupied and thus resources are too limited to support more bark beetle colonies. Design a beam assuming Douglas Fir-Larch No. To better express my questions. Hands down the best pressure treated Doug Fir on the market. The diameter of this species at maturity can be astounding [5-6 feet in diameter], rivaled only by the famous California Redwoods. Douglas Fir C & Better. 35 kPa) for more than three months (). $76 $125 39% off. 5" Douglas fir flooring. The reason they use douglas fir in these applications is because of its height as a tree and limited knots. by Athelstan George Harvey | May 17, 2014. It commonly lives more than 500 years and occasionally more than 1,200 years. The cassette is recorded very poorly unfortunatley. Douglas Fir structural timbers are available on a special order basis. 4 The result is giant panels having all the good qualities of natural wood plus size and convenience, — but with ad- vantages of strength, stiffness, and. In the higher elevations of the West that receive snow and in the lower foothills that have moderately cold winters and hot summers, Douglas-fir requires moderate summer watering, generally 1-4 times per month depending. 50/ square foot. 2 metres) – this makes Lonely Doug about the height of an 21 story building. The plywood core will vary depending on the quality of the panel but will usually be Douglas Fir, Meranti, or Okoume. Pseudotsuga menziesii is widespread in western North America and is an important source of timber. The top two sections are without wood conditioner, the bottom two are with. Re: transplanting Douglas fir « Reply #1 on: January 10, 2010, 04:55:46 AM » It's a little to do with timing for the growing season and more moisture in the ground also. I will no longer use marine fir for exterior stuff. Pinaceae -- Pine family. The tree’s plan is that once the seeds get ripe, the cones open up and release the seeds. The Douglas fir has been used as a Christmas tree in the Pacific Northwest since the 1920s, because it was one of the most commonly found in the area. 2 x 6 Boards; Grade #2 & Better; Green boards. For starters, there's nothing to taking care of our Douglas Fir. Windsor is proud to use only the highest quality Douglas Fir material as specified by WCLIB grading rules for #2 Clear and Better. Your Wood Flooring + Finishing Touches. This is the point where twisting, bowing, etc is likely to occur. C o n e d e t a i l d p h o t o d b y e J e r i, C h a s e, O D F B r a n c h d e t a i l e p h o t o c b y Je r i w C h a s e, O D F S e l i n g e t i l p h o t o c o urt e sy D a v P w e l , U S D A F o r e s S e r v i c e w w w. As well as the benefits of the species doug fir. Douglas Fir. Bears eat the sap of these trees. Make a wide range of structural and nonstructural applications by using this Premium Standard and Better Douglas Fir Lumber. Douglas fir trees grow fast, much faster than hardwoods and significantly faster than most softwood with the exception of Sequoia and Redwood, This fast growth makes this tree extremely valuable for commercial tree plantations because timber investors can recoup their investment faster than they would from tree plantations growing slow growing timber product. 2" x 4" #2 & Better: GRN or KD: 92 1/4". 5’ Average rating: 0 out of 5 stars, based on 0 reviews Current Price $453. Does well in driest sites of the Northeast U. Pseudotsuga menziesii, Douglas-fir, is one of the world's most important and valuable trees. With its tight know pattern, Premium Douglas fir is a beautiful wood to use exposed. Douglas Fir offers very straight grain with a variety of hues ranging from deep, dark, reddish tones to orangey yellow. From a distance, the needles on both trees appear deep bluish green. Compared with European redwood, both the. Availability: Store Pick Up Today. Because of its similarity to other genera, Douglas-fir has given botanists fits. & Affiliates - HDO, MDO, PSF Concrete Forms,. Elk Creek Forest Products stocks full units of most traditional sizes of lumber on the market in both Full Sawn Rough and Surfaced textures. Stud, intended for vertical use in load bearing walls is Stud grade. 30cm cross section and is 80. 15/16" DOUGLAS FIR DOWEL. View our Gallery of Front Entrance Systems be inspired by these custom designs. I snaked the first 25 ft from the sink that didn't fix it. This wood is used in the manufacturing of more products than any other lumber species. Schutte Lumber Company shared a post on Instagram: "8x16 and 6x16 #1 and Better Douglas Fir Timbers are now in stock. These Douglas Fir pellets are great. Redwood and Douglas fir lumber are not the same, and each has its own advantages over the other. It's constructed of hinged branches, so you don't have any lights to hang or branches to attach before decorating with festive ornaments. 1 x 3 Mixed Grain, Vertical Grain S4S. missing edge knot from kiln drying. Stud, intended for vertical use in load bearing walls is Stud grade. Guests staying at the Douglas Fir Resort needn’t worry as all Douglas Fir Resort guests receive free and unlimited access to the downtown shuttle bus, so you can leave your car at the hotel and enjoy a hassle free trip to the market!. What I am having trouble finding is the cantilevered support posts for the porch. Tel: 01257 255701. The scientific species name, menziesii, is named for a competing botanist, Archibald Menzies, also from Scotland. 5' Green Slim Fir Artificial Christmas Tree with 600 Pre-Lit Clear Lights with Stand online from Wayfair, we make it as easy as possible for you to find out when your product will be delivered. The flowers and greenery come out in spring, and then ev. It goes well with Cedar and Fir rustic timbers as well as metallic surfaces and modern glass and tile. Douglas Fir is a reddish brown wood with a straight, pronounced grain used. 2-in x 6-in x 8-ft Spruce Pine Fir Lumber (Common); 1. +1 with Bonka. In water immersion tests, Douglas-fir has better water repellency property than radiata pine over 2000 hours period during water immersion. All Prime; Fineline Paneling; Products. 3/4" x 7" Canadian Manufactured Fir tongue and groove flooring. Learning Center Tree & Shrub Care Guides About Tree Insects About Tree Diseases How-To Articles. It is an ideal choice aesthetically and structurally demanding applications. Select & Better Grade 6' - 14' lengths. 1 (1) shall be used to determine the maximum allowable span of floor joists that support sleeping areas and attics that are accessed by means of a fixed. Well worth the price. It is an ideal choice aesthetically and structurally demanding applications. Each needle is flexible and flattened, about 5/8 to 1-1/4 inch long in both trees. Actual size is 2-7/8” x 5-3/4”. • #1 & Better Douglas Fir o This is the grade of Douglas Fir timber we keep in inventory, and offers the best overall appearance and strength for various applications for the dollar spent. We offer Douglas Fir and Cedar timber from our Denver yard, and clear Douglas Fir, Cedar and Hemlock timbers from our Portland locations.   Just to give an idea of the strength difference, douglas fir larch compared to eastern white pine is approximately 50% stronger in bending and 30% stronger in shear. Made out of the highest quality Douglas Fir available, this short-length board is ideal for a variety of residential projects. The Original Douglas Fir Tape, It doesn't sound very nice. J&W Lumber specializes in Rough Douglas Fir from small 2×2's to 12×12 timbers and larger, available in lengths exceeding 30 feet. Cabinet and fixture manufacturers, sash and door houses, picture frame and novelty item industries all find that our fine West Coast lumber products meet their requirements for availability and flexibility. Green Doug Fir Dimension. It has the ability to season well in place because of its natural dimensional stability. for pricing and availability. 25 percent in western Washington. Antonyms for douglas fir. McCoy's Part #: 012891. The basic difference between the two woods, as far as appearance is concerned, is that Douglas firs are very light brown in color, whereas Redwoods, as their name suggests, are reddish brown to brown. Douglas-fir is one of the world's most important and valuable timber trees. From the end of the 19 th century it was planted at a progressive rate in the forests of var - ious European countries, especially after the second world war. [David M Baumgartner; James E Lotan; Washington State University. Every part of the facility is designed to Roseburg's rigid quality standards. Silver Fir is one of the most scenic campgrounds I've ever stayed at. 1 Modulus of elasticity D70 D30 C24 D70 D70 D40 D40 D60 D50 C24 D40. The Interior Douglas-fir zone obviously has a lot of Interior Douglas-fir trees. Douglas fir is one of the best timber producers yielding more timber than any other tree in North America. I snaked the rest of the 1 1/2 inch pipe to the larger sewer pipe. It's prelit with 850 clear lights. Douglas Fir tends to be pinkish to yellow heartwood; straight & plain. As an ecologically and economically important species, Douglas-fir is a candidate for assisted migration programs. Research shows that Douglas fir resists decay better than untreated radiata pine, but not as well as H1. Now if you want douglas fir, the redish colored premium studs are doug fir. Douglas Fir Beams #2 & Better. a gel stain b) Use dyes. Gibson McIlvain has gone through in our decade-long relationship with carrying softwoods, we’ve come to understand the up sides and down sides of using Douglas Fir. The branches were used to cover the floor of structures such as sweat lodges. MSR LUMBER Interfor produces quality MSR lumber from British Columbia and Georgia that offer a variety of strength and stiffness ratings to meet the most Douglas-Fir/Larch 2 x 4 1 1/2 x 3 1/2 38 x 89 8 - 20 294 1800F 2400F Inland Hem-Fir(N) 2 x 4 1 1/2 x 3 1/2 38 x 89 8 - 20 294 1650F 1800F. So I was just curious if the fir is noticeably better to where its worth the 150/ton more. A great acoustic guitar. Seed that produces superior survival and early growth is a key factor in supplying quality Douglas-fir wood to meet an increased demand for future timber-based products.   You can quickly see why an engineer would prefer the fir. Design a beam assuming Douglas Fir-Larch No. Good to Know: Douglas Fir Resort and Chalets · Douglas Fir Resort and Chalets comes with a nice location that is close to hiking trails and the beautiful town of Banff. Well-drained soil is also ideal. As low as $96. Douglas-fir beetles normally kill small groups of trees, but during outbreaks 100 tree groups are not uncommon (fig. 100 Douglas Fir Dr Apt 303, Warrington, PA 18976 is a condo home for sale listed on the market for 89 days. Douglas fir forests are buckling under the heat, pausing their growth altogether Douglas firs in the Pacific Northwest fared a bit better. They are important timber trees and produce strong wood. 1" X 4" X 18' S4S Pressure Treated #1 or better Douglas Fir: $21. Roof, wall and floor sheathing for strength and durability. Research shows that Douglas fir resists decay better than untreated radiata pine, but not as well as H1. Douglas-fir palatability to deer is low during the rest of the year. Local delivery available, contact local store. What is Vertical Grain? (Also referred to as Quarter-sawn) It is when the growth rings in the board are perpendicular to the width of the board. You can apply semi-gloss paint (over primer, of course), or even high-gloss to achieve a sleek, smooth look. Got to Douglas Fir about 10 am, all the sites were full (or people hadn't checked out yet). Its aroma is sweet and fresh with citrusy notes, and can be stimulating to the senses. John Muir on the Douglas Fir of the Northwest. (Sacramento Mts. Our clear vertical grain (CVG) fir flooring takes stains very well and can make for a beautiful addition to any home looking for the look of vertical grain patterns in lighter color. Redwood Lumber vs. There are 141 douglas fir table for sale on Etsy, and they cost $703. To understand the difference between the two check out our article Which is better: Western Red Cedar vs Yellow Cedar. Our FSC Certified Mixed Grain fir trim is clear (C&Btr grade), kiln-dried, and locally sourced. Pound for pound, Douglas Fir is one of the strongest western softwoods. We custom ordered them from our local lumber yard at 2. It's made in Oregon from springtime Douglas Fir buds infused with clear brandy. 1 x 12 'C' and Better Fir - S4S Kiln Dried. Order online best quality 5/4 x 6, 1-in x 5-1/2-in Douglas Fir Lumber, S4S Lumber, Clear Vertical Grain (CVG) and S4S Lumber available at Edensaw Woods WA. • Consider bark as a major source for Mn and Fe. Display per page. This is the width you cannot find in the stores. 1 & BTR (in Douglas Fir, Douglas Fir-Larch, or Hem-Fir species only. Mixed Timber Order. Prices for Douglas fir logs in the Pacific Northwest once again command premiums not seen since the housing boom of nearly a decade ago. Visit The Home Depot to buy 1 x 4 x 12 Douglas Fir Board 14DFCMG 1 in. sizes come in an amber glass bottle with a mister top. 1 x 4 – 1 x 10 #3/BTR STK KD Knotty Doug-fir 1 x 4 – 1 x 8 C/BTR Clear Mixed Grain (CMG). all above timbers available in #1 & better, f. Douglas Fir Sheathing. We offer Douglas Fir and Cedar timber from our Denver yard, and clear Douglas Fir, Cedar and Hemlock timbers from our Portland locations. Table 1—Douglas-fir prices by lumber grade, 1971-86. We sell beautiful antique and reclaimed Douglas Fir lumber. Botanically, it is not a true fir but a species distinct in itself known as Pseudotsuga taxifolia. 2 x 6 Boards; Grade #2 & Better; Green boards. , for appearance and in larger sizes. This artificial Douglas Fir Christmas tree is 7-1/2-feet tall with a 58-inch diameter. In the higher elevations of the West that receive snow and in the lower foothills that have moderately cold winters and hot summers, Douglas-fir requires moderate summer watering, generally 1-4 times per month depending upon the absorption rate and water retention capacity of the soil. Douglas fir is low maintenance, resistant to decay and insects, and easy to paint and. Like many coniferous oils, Douglas Fir is antiseptic and often used to support respiratory health. The species has earned respect from industrial users worldwide because when it comes to high performance demands and extreme stress conditions, Douglas Fir meets the test. Pound for pound, Douglas Fir is one of the best western soft woods. Page 1 Crystalac works better than most things I have tried on guitars. The floor decking is a tongue and groove fir with a V notch in the middle and on each end and is 1 1/2 inches thick. This wood is used in the manufacturing of more products than any other lumber species. You would not like the look of Doug Fir if you just applied stain. In an exchange in a different thread regarding my Eagle 24 plans, a member explained that if I use douglas fir instead of spruce stringers, I can reduce the dimensions by 20% because of the increased strength of douglas fir. 1" x 4" C&BTR Fir Flooring Tongue And Groove, Vertical Grain. Its aroma is sweet and fresh with citrusy notes, and can be stimulating to the senses. The Douglas fir is also known as the Oregon Pine, the British Columbian Pine, the Douglas Spruce, the Red Fir and the Douglas Tree. starting at $ 1. when you need it, where you want it. Free shipping on orders of $35+ and save 5% every day with your Target RedCard. Most of Washington's natural stand Douglas-fir Christmas trees are grown on gravelly, droughty, and infertile soils-such as the Everett and similar soil series-in Kitsap, Pierce, and Mason counties. Option 1 (EXDOC Endorsement No 6051) 1) The consignment is free from Black pine bark beetle (Hylastes ater), Annosum root rot (Heterobasidion annosum), Tomato foot rot (Phytophthora cryptogea), Gall (Rhizobium rhizogenes), Spined pine borer (Ergates spiculatus), Swiss needle cast (Phaeocryptopus gaeumannii), Root rot (Phytophthora megasperma), Steel-blue wood wasp (Sirex juvencus), Sirex wasp. Wood cut approx. Any of several tall evergreen conifers of the genus Pseudotsuga, especially P. Douglas Fir Logs for Export 1) 12"+ / Lo-C 26-40' 2) 8 to 11" / J Sort 30-40' 3) 8 to 11" / K Sort 30-40' 4) 12"+ / CJ Sort 30-40', #2 and better. Some issues such as root diseases or Douglas-fir bark beetle mortality are relatively common, while others are less common but equally attention-getting. Entry Systems. Compared with European redwood, both the. Douglas Fir on the other hand, features a tight, flowing grain pattern that resists warping and twisting. Seed that produces superior survival and early growth is a key factor in supplying quality Douglas-fir wood to meet an increased demand for future timber-based products. These woods burn hotter and cleaner than other wood types. Fir sapwood predominates through tree age 20 after which the proportion of heartwood increases. Green Doug Fir Dimension. | Douglas-Fir-Good-To-Make-Bed. The fifth year photo is of the few remaining branch segments, which again, were very weak, and extremely easy to break apart. menziesii synonym P. Sizes up to 12"x12" - lengths up to 24 ft. A proper daiquiri is not hard to make: shake two measures of rum over ice with three-quarter parts of both simple syrup and fresh lime juice. Douglas Fir has an enviable performance record. Check with Fraser Wood Products out of Squamish, BC for dry Timbers. Douglas Fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) is not a true fir at all, nor a pine or spruce. Schutte Lumber Company shared a post on Instagram: “8x16 and 6x16 #1 and Better Douglas Fir Timbers are now in stock. the douglas fir Sunday, December 5, 2010. all above timbers available in #1 & better, f. Douglas fir firewood is arguably one of the most popular softwoods to burn especially if you live in an area where they're abundant. 1 x 8 C and Better S4S. | Douglas-Fir-Good-To-Make-Bed.   Just to give an idea of the strength difference, douglas fir larch compared to eastern white pine is approximately 50% stronger in bending and 30% stronger in shear. Any of several tall evergreen conifers of the genus Pseudotsuga, especially P. They are native to the Eastern United States. Gibson McIlvain strives to provide a higher quality. Douglas Fir offers very straight grain with a variety of hues ranging from deep, dark, reddish tones to orangey yellow. Call 417-849-0088. 2x10 #1 knotty Douglas Fir. Lengths Grades Available Texture Options 2x4 & 2x6 92 1/4" - 24' Sel Str, #1, #2, STD & Btr/ S4S, Resawn, S1S2E. If you’re looking to Douglas Fir for its sheer strength, you’ll appreciate our structural surfaced grade options, too. It grows along the southern Pacific coast. To examine effects of heat waves on physiology and growth of Douglas-fir, seedlings were grown under high temperature (control +10°C) combined with high vapour pressure deficit (control +1. Order online best quality 5/4 x 6, 1-in x 5-1/2-in Douglas Fir Lumber, S4S Lumber, Clear Vertical Grain (CVG) and S4S Lumber available at Edensaw Woods WA. 2" x 4" #2 & Better: GRN or KD: 92 1/4". Smooth, film surface link barrier with special adhesive for one-time repositioning, but aggressively adheres over time. I found the seven-ply Okoume 1088 was way stiffer than the fir, so I had to go to the five ply 6566 to get the bends I needed. 4 1/2' Douglas Fir. Common Douglas Fir grades range from Select Structural, offering structural quality with price in mind to #1 & Better when only the best will do. Douglas Fir (Doug Fir) trees tend to grow to be very large, and yield a large amount of usable lumber. Heartwood is stronger and harder by more than 25%. Picture is of a Douglas Fir transplant. " (e) Moisture content at the time of surfacing. & Affiliates. Entry Systems. Pound for pound, Douglas Fir is one of the strongest western softwoods. ” (e) Moisture content at the time of surfacing. American Douglas Fir is compared with European Redwood, it is some 60 per cent stiffer, 40 per cent harder and more resistant to suddenly applied to loads, and 30 per cent stronger in bending and in compression along the grain. Evergreen Seedlings - Wholesale prices & Discounts- Douglas Fir, Fraser Fir, Scotch Pine, Canadian Hemlock, Colorado Blue Spruce, Arborvitae, Norway Spruce available. PSEUDOTSUGA MENZIESII, Rocky Mt. 1 (1) and R502. Douglas fir firewood is arguably one of the most popular softwoods to burn especially if you live in an area where they're abundant. Douglas Fir C & Better. Habitat is a major difference. Get this from a library! Interior Douglas-fir : the species and its management : symposium proceedings, February 27-March 1, 1990, Spokane, Washington, USA. It's solid and straight and the grain is gorgeous but there's one downside, douglas fir needs a little coaxing to accept stain. As an ecologically and economically important species, Douglas-fir is a candidate for assisted migration programs. Christmas trees which are grown on these dry, gravelly soils grow slowly. 30cm cross section and is 80. 5' tall with 59" diameter; Features FEEL-REAL branch tip technology for remarkable realism!. [ 2 ] How Douglas Fir Plywood is made: 1 Selected Douglas Fir logs are cut to length and barked. The nose is the essence of the forest, but even more concentrated. How the Douglas-fir tree put Vancouver on the map Decades before Vancouver was an official city, settlers began razing forests to sell massive old growth Douglas-fir trees. These enlarge and become reddish-brown patches on an otherwise green needle. starting at $ 1. Followed the pipe to the basement to a second clean out plug. Douglas Fir Resort and Chalets is located in Banff. 35 kPa) for more than three months (). Wood being harvested off private timberland from down trees of winter, december. The Douglas Fir is a more defined species, but is still not a real Fir tree. 5-in x 8-ft (Actual) Model: #S206SE. Apple , 2 , * David M. The money raised will help deliver grocery. No number 1. I am now leaning towards hemlock. The scientific species name, menziesii, is named for a competing botanist, Archibald Menzies, also from Scotland. With a timeless design that is built to last, the Durango Douglas Fir is a remarkable way to spruce up any home this Christmas season, and for many Yuletide celebrations to come. This wood is used in the manufacturing of more products than any other lumber species. Minute Man Gold Douglas Fir. 00 or more per board foot. Each post has a square 3. Shop for douglas fir christmas tree online at Target. The dense grain of the fir wood make it ideal for use in construction, as it holds a nail well and can be used for flooring, windows, panels, trim. Recent TWIG growth often has small, fine hairs. Rocky Mountain Douglas-fir is a valuable timber tree readily available in Colorado. Make a wide range of structural and nonstructural applications by using this Premium Standard and Better Douglas Fir Lumber. , for appearance and in larger sizes. This happened after the fires in the summer of 2000 in the Bitterroot, when a tremendous uptick in Douglas-fir beetles was observed. e, the total overall look. It goes well with Cedar and Fir rustic timbers as well as metallic surfaces and modern glass and tile. 100 Douglas Fir Dr Apt 303, Warrington, PA 18976 is a condo home for sale listed on the market for 89 days. But they are tall, beautiful conifers native to the Pacific Northwest. There is a reason to request. Douglas Fir timbers are a great choice when large structural beams are required. , and 1 gallon bulk sizes come in plastic bottles without misters. Adapted to a moist, mild climate, it grows bigger and more rapidly than the inland variety. Heartwood is stronger and harder by more than 25%. 1 oz white whiskey. In water immersion tests, Douglas-fir has better water repellency property than radiata pine over 2000 hours period during water immersion. the skin and provide an uplifting aroma. With ongoing public concern regarding climate change and recent drought that has affected many areas of the western United States, this study provides context and direct evidence for the negative impact of water stress on forest ecosystems. 95133 - The World's Best Prelit Douglas Fir. Bring back that special feeling with our pine needle incense sticks! Our unique incense logs are made from real pine needles - cedar, balsam fir, and douglas fir - a natural recycled product. & Affiliates. Douglas fir is not a true fir so both the needle formations and the unique cone can throw you off.   You can quickly see why an engineer would prefer the fir. A lot of people ask “what is E-grade clear” Cee and better is the grade you will find most places, it is pretty nice but not necessarily perfect,, and it is expensive, running $6. I burn 2 to 3 tons a year and the low amount of ash these produce saves on cleaning out the stove and ash pan. Perfect for flooring, interior siding, exposed beams, furniture or floating shelves; our carefully selected old-growth doug fir lumber is chosen for ring density, strength, and unique coloration, as well as historic value. Grown in the Pacific Northwest, Premium Green Douglas-fir is a product that’s ideal for structural framing in residential applications. 75-mm wire screen and conditioned to an equilibrium moisture content of 11% were also used in the hammer grinding. Best known for its toughness, density and excellent fire ratings, douglas fir can be used for beams or milled for other applications. 50/ square foot. Douglas-Fir Seeds. It's solid and straight and the grain is gorgeous but there's one downside, douglas fir needs a little coaxing to accept stain. 00x10{eq}^4 {/eq}L aquarium is supported by four wood posts (Douglas fir) at the corners. Douglas Fir is a reddish brown wood with a straight, pronounced grain used. , Suite 450 - Duluth, GA 30097 © 2020. Choose from the largest variety you won't find anywhere else at Nature Hills. Also, Cleanfire Douglas Fir wood pellets are not available in all regions. Can be used for landscaping, garden stairs, docks and small bridges. Availability: Store Pick Up Today. Roseburg produces KD and green lumber products from Douglas Fir, White Fir, and Hemlock at our Dillard, Oregon facility, one of the largest stud production facilities in North America. for pricing and availability. Summary There are five species, two in western North America, one in Mexico, and two in eastern Asia. CENTRAL SALES NORTHWEST • 1. The fifth year photo is of the few remaining branch segments, which again, were very weak, and extremely easy to break apart. We discovered this unusual liqueur in our local liquor store a couple of years ago and just couldn’t resist giving it a try. Super high heat and low ash. Author information: (1)Chair of Silviculture, Institute of Forest Sciences, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany. deltahardwoods. Green Doug Fir Dimension. ReclAimeD DOuglAs fiR—ReneWAble & ReusAble 2 salvaged and stylish We’ve breathed new life into old wood by making new windows and doors that deliver beautiful authentic style that reflects its unique history. Douglas fir trees (Pseudotsuga menziesii) are also known as red firs, Oregon pines and Douglas spruce. Mixed Timber Order. Douglas Fir Timbers Douglas fir (pseudotsuga Menziesii) is the strongest of Canada’s softwoods and is traditionally known for strength, stiffness and durability. 14-17 inches, some pcs. Clear lumber that is 1" through 2" thick is produced from every Douglas Fir cut. Douglas Fir - I live in Portland, Oregon and have many Douglas Fir trees on my property. Superior Strength of Douglas Fir Pound for pound Douglas Fir is one of the strongest woods in the world. But they are tall, beautiful conifers native to the Pacific Northwest. Exterior Doors. This strong, reliable and workable wood. This is a tree from the Pacific Northwest where the climate demands a heavier, harder and stronger timber than an interior grown tree. Wood: Douglas Fir Wood Type: Timber Grade: #1 and Better Profile: Surfaces on Four Sides (S4S) Others: FOHC (Free of Heart Center) Please see wide array of high quality 6 x 10 Douglas Fir #1 and Better S4S FOHC Timber Supplies in California. About Coastal Douglas Fir Douglas Fir (Doug Fir) trees tend to grow to be very large, and yield a large amount of usable lumber. 50/ square foot. The dense grain of the fir wood make it ideal for use in construction, as it holds a nail well and can be used for flooring, windows, panels, trim. From the Blue Ox to the Spotted Owl, Douglas-fir is part of our lore and landscape. When properly dried, Hemlocks provide extremely stable lumber that resists checking or twisting. These Douglas fir porch posts are solid one piece wood (no laminations) for long-lasting strength and natural wood beauty. 1 oz broVo Douglas Fir. Its great for furniture, trim-work, cabinetry and doors. This is due to the abilitv of Douglas fir to establish itself by natural means more successfully than any of its associates in open areas following fire or logging. [ 2 ] How Douglas Fir Plywood is made: 1 Selected Douglas Fir logs are cut to length and barked. C o n e d e t a i l d p h o t o d b y e J e r i, C h a s e, O D F B r a n c h d e t a i l e p h o t o c b y Je r i w C h a s e, O D F S e l i n g e t i l p h o t o c o urt e sy D a v P w e l , U S D A F o r e s S e r v i c e w w w. ½ oz broVo Douglas Fir. Grades are: SELECT STRUCTURAL No. Douglas Fir Beams #2 &Better. The development bears the name of the 'Douglas House' — a name with roots that can be easily traced. The grade is Select Structural FOHC (free of heart center). The aircraft industry also utilizes douglas fir lumber. Douglas Fir. GENERAL BOTANICAL CHARACTERISTICS : Coast Douglas-fir is a large, coniferous, evergreen tree. While Douglas-fir trees are tolerant of a wide range of environ-mental conditions and grow in many parts of the province, many of the other plant species of the coastal Douglas-fir ecosystems are more specifically adapted to the summer droughts and winter rains that characterize this climate. all above timbers available in #1 & better, f. 3/4" x 7" Canadian Manufactured Fir tongue and groove flooring. Douglas Fir timbers up to 40-foot lengths Southern Pine timbers up to 26-foot lengths Oak timbers up to 20-foot lengths Good selection of Cyprus in 4/4 through 16/4 in select grades Common Cyrprus in 6x6 and 8x8 up to 16-foot lengths We carry treated lumber, rough and surfaced, up to 24-foot lengths in various sizes 1x4 through 12x12. Typical grades are #2 Clear and #4 Clear and #2 Clear Vertical Grain. Options which come to mind are a) Seal first, with e. Even when constantly exposed to heat and moisture, such as in saunas, Hemlocks retain their smooth texture and stability. This wood is used in the manufacturing of more products than any other lumber species. Douglas Fir Bead Board Ceiling and Wall Paneling: Dimensions: 5/8" x 3 1/8" Random lengths from 3′ to 12′ Lengths 12' and longer are available Flooring is unfinished tongue and grooved (T&G) Kiln dried Reversible: Turn the bead board over and it becomes v-groove with a center v-groove paneling Mixed Grain T&G 3 1/8" Bead …. 1 Modulus of elasticity D70 D30 C24 D70 D70 D40 D40 D60 D50 C24 D40. Often characterized by a vertical or straight grain and luscious red-brown tones, Douglas fir reclaimed wood flooring can fit both an upscale or informal motif. Maytag Dryer Douglas Fir Better Homes & Gardens Ad 12 1/2 x 9 1/2 Oct 1956. Clear vertical grain (CVG) Douglas fir carries a C & Better grade because it is cut to accentuate the light and dark straight grain pattern of the wood fiber. Identifying Douglas fir: Douglas fir is the most common evergreen tree in the Pacific Northwest and Southern British Columbia. 75-mm wire screen and conditioned to an equilibrium moisture content of 11% were also used in the hammer grinding. Followed the pipe to the basement to a second clean out plug. There are 1,049 OEM, 575 ODM, 23 Self Patent. When properly dried, Hemlocks provide extremely stable lumber that resists checking or twisting. Douglas Fir Clear and Better. 4x4 #1 Douglas Fir Kiln Dried S4S. Pinaceae -- Pine family. Here they are in April, with the typical open grassland understory. Common names include Douglas fir, Douglas-fir, Douglas tree, and Oregon pine. it performs magnificently in creating straight case, base, & handrail & is ideal for long runs to finish your creation. All green lumber tends to see a certain amount of shrinkage and warp, but green Douglas Fir is more dimensionally stable than other species. Douglas-fir palatability to deer is low during the rest of the year. Pinaceae -- Pine family. Douglas Fir timbers up to 40-foot lengths Southern Pine timbers up to 26-foot lengths Oak timbers up to 20-foot lengths Good selection of Cyprus in 4/4 through 16/4 in select grades Common Cyrprus in 6x6 and 8x8 up to 16-foot lengths We carry treated lumber, rough and surfaced, up to 24-foot lengths in various sizes 1x4 through 12x12. In the higher elevations of the West that receive snow and in the lower foothills that have moderately cold winters and hot summers, Douglas-fir requires moderate summer watering, generally 1-4 times per month depending. The seeds fall to the ground and “bingo!” a new bunch of Douglas-fir trees. Premium Standard and Better Douglas Fir Lumber-150932 - The Home Depot. Not sure if Douglas Fir pellets are right for you? Call us at 1-800-735-5387 for a free consultation. Fir sapwood predominates through tree age 20 after which the proportion of heartwood increases. Douglas Fir shiplap installed newly milled side up. Question: A large 1. Douglas Fir is a native species in the Pacific Northwest and these days it is mostly sourced from British Columbia, Canada. The only concern is the loss of 38 parking spaces during the peak summer season. Each post has a square 3. It has the ability to season well in place because of its natural dimensional stability. As an ecologically and economically important species, Douglas-fir is a candidate for assisted migration programs. The cassette is recorded very poorly unfortunatley. Each needle is flexible and flattened, about 5/8 to 1-1/4 inch long in both trees. taxifolia) chiefly of the western U. I would join the table top edges with a 1/4" plywood blind spline, stopping about 3" from each end. 3/4" x 7" Canadian Manufactured Fir tongue and groove flooring. 91 metres. Douglas Fir shiplap installed newly milled side up. LUMBER GROUP, LLC - 2160 Satellite Blvd. Douglas fir is low maintenance, resistant to decay and insects, and easy to paint and. The thin needles stick out in all directions from the twig like a bottle brush. As an ecologically and economically important species, Douglas-fir is a candidate for assisted migration programs. In the wild, both Douglas-firs and pines. 1 & BTR (in Douglas Fir, Douglas Fir-Larch, or Hem-Fir species only. Available Material 1 x 2 Mixed Grain, Vertical Grain S4S 1 x 3 Mixed Grain, Vertical Grain S4S. DOUGLAS FIR FIREWOOD- SAVE MONEY AND SPLIT YOUR WOOD 1. Its great for furniture, trim-work, cabinetry and doors. If you think the moisture content is inconsistent, stack it up with space between it for a few weeks and it will all even out anyway. ** Comes in both the Minute Man Gold bag and the Green Northern Warmth Douglas Fir bag. This wood is cut from giant trees which furnish lumber for many purposes such as common boards, sheathing, framing timbers, finishing lumber, flooring, etc. Order online best quality 5/4 x 6, 1-in x 5-1/2-in Douglas Fir Lumber, S4S Lumber, Clear Vertical Grain (CVG) and S4S Lumber available at Edensaw Woods WA. (answer from Pocket Reference third edition. Availability: Store Pick Up Today. Free shipping on orders of $35+ and save 5% every day with your Target RedCard. I think the five ply 1/4"(6mm)Okoume is stiffer than three ply fir, even tho the wood itself is probably more flexible, as BBI. Douglas-fir palatability to deer is low during the rest of the year. Homegrown on the west coast of Canada Douglas Fir offers contractors and DIYers alike resilient structural properties yet is easy to work with and aesthetically pleasing. This is a test I did on an extra piece of douglas fir. Description. C and Better Kiln-Dried Douglas Fir Board-14DFCMG - The Home Depot Store Finder. Redwood is a better choice for fencing material than Douglas fir for at least three reasons. When it comes to general strength, oak is also the winner, but fir is more workable. PSEUDOTSUGA MENZIESII, Rocky Mt. ReclAimeD DOuglAs fiR—ReneWAble & ReusAble 2 salvaged and stylish We’ve breathed new life into old wood by making new windows and doors that deliver beautiful authentic style that reflects its unique history. Its leaves ar. BecauseoftheextendedapplicationofDouglasfirplywoodto alargenumberofnewuses. Order online best quality 5/4 x 6, 1-in x 5-1/2-in Douglas Fir Lumber, S4S Lumber, Clear Vertical Grain (CVG) and S4S Lumber available at Edensaw Woods WA. Summary There are five species, two in western North America, one in Mexico, and two in eastern Asia. Serving Western MA and CT. Douglas Fir. The splines going straight under the nails when you work this wood is commun and very painful. These products are full of character and deliver stability, durability and aesthetic benefits not available in most newly grown lumber. Available Material. GENERAL BOTANICAL CHARACTERISTICS : Coast Douglas-fir is a large, coniferous, evergreen tree. the skin and provide an uplifting aroma. Douglas fir has a reputation for being hard to establish outside its native range and yet many good specimens can be found across Nebraska. Our Premium Exposed® Douglas Fir is our flagship offering, and popular for its equal emphasis on strength and beauty. The atmosphere provides Douglas-fir with the carbon and oxygen required for photosynthesis and respiration. Douglas fir works well with power tools. Items 1-9 of 25. W= 100 lb/ft o. Douglas-fir is one of the world's most important and valuable timber trees. 2 metres) – this makes Lonely Doug about the height of an 21 story building. Douglas Fir is dimensionally stable and universally recognized for its superior strength-to-weight ratio. Tongue & Groove, S2S & CM 1/4" T&G Flooring 1x4 T&G Flooring Vertical Grain (VJ) BJ- 2 sides. Green Douglas Fir: Size Std. We carry a #1 & Better grade of Douglas Fir timbers most of which are FOHC which reduces the amount of cracking and splitting often found in large timbers. Pound for pound, Douglas Fir is one of the strongest western soft woods. Dimension: 6 x 6 Wood: Douglas Fir Wood Type: Wood Timber Others: FOHC (Free of Heart Center) Grade: #1 and Better Profile: Surfaces on Four Sides (S4S) Please see wide array of high quality 6 x 6 Douglas Fir #1 and Better S4S FOHC Timber Supplies in California. The flowers and greenery come out in spring, and then ev. Silver Fir is one of the most scenic campgrounds I've ever stayed at. per linear foot for 2x6 so a 16 footer would weigh approx 32. Douglas Fir wood is the material of choice for architectural firm Rise Design Studio who was tasked to conceptualize and complete this home extension in London. It can grow from 150-200 and has soft, medium green needles and prefers moist and well-drained soils. Salvaged, reclaimed, old growth 3x6 Douglas Fir. It's made in Oregon from springtime Douglas Fir buds infused with clear brandy. 75-mm wire screen and conditioned to an equilibrium moisture content of 11% were also used in the hammer grinding. in stock Kiln Dried Douglas Fir is extremely durable and not susceptible to warping or splitting, thanks to the straight, dense grain of the trunk. We produce some of the finest Vertical grain Douglas Fir and Western Hemlock wood veneer in the world. Douglas Fir S4S Trim Boards As one of the hardest and most dense of the softwood species, Douglas Fir makes a practical, as well as beautiful, addition to your home. Research shows that Douglas fir resists decay better than untreated radiata pine, but not as well as H1. Reclaimed Douglas Fir - A Superior Choice For Your Project. Family: PINACEAE (gymnosperm) Scientific name(s): Pseudotsuga menziesii Commercial restriction: no commercial restriction Coming from North West of America, DOUGLAS FIR is often used for reaforestation in France and in Europe. Guests staying at the Douglas Fir Resort needn’t worry as all Douglas Fir Resort guests receive free and unlimited access to the downtown shuttle bus, so you can leave your car at the hotel and enjoy a hassle free trip to the market!. 2 metres) – this makes Lonely Doug about the height of an 21 story building. Sep 6, 2013. A truly majestic tree, the Douglas Fir (Oregon State tree) is one of the main protagonists of the landscape of West US and Canada. 91 metres. Make a wide range of structural and nonstructural applications by using this Premium Standard and Better Douglas Fir Lumber. We buy our douglas fir timbers directly from a west coast supplier who uses only the best looking timber. Webber, 1996, Province of British Columbia, Ministry of Forests Research Program edition, in English - 2nd ed. The strength qualities of this grade make it desirable for use in almost all classes of heavy construction. American Douglas Fir is compared with European Redwood, it is some 60 per cent stiffer, 40 per cent harder and more resistant to suddenly applied to loads, and 30 per cent stronger in bending and in compression along the grain. This product is third-party certified, signifying sourcing from renewable and environmentally managed forests. During the emergence period in spring, look for minute, orange flies resting on the tips of needles. Price temporarily unavailable Find Closest Not available at San Marcos. Douglas fir tree's needles are held in two ranks around twigs looking like a v-shaped groove appears on the top side. 4m & Longer Botanical Name: Pseudotsuga menziesii syn. Salvaged, reclaimed, old growth 3x6 Douglas Fir. Quick Identification of Douglas Fir. Durability: Douglas-fir heartwood is rated as Class 3 durability and can be used for above-ground purposes, but the sapwood is non-durable. To plant, dig a hole in the ground that is two times as large as the root ball. It commonly lives more than 500 years and occasionally more than 1,200 years. This will give you a strong table top Fir is used in a lot of beautiful millwork and can be really nice. Related products. Here they are in April, with the typical open grassland understory. While the percentages may vary quite a bit due to geographic location and seasonal variation, we endeavor to source the better Douglas Fir essentail oil which has the higher beta pinene content. Fir is an excellent wood for highly finished post & beam frames and commercial work because of its strength and beautiful grain. Douglas Fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) is not a true fir at all, nor a pine or spruce. PSEUDOTSUGA MENZIESII, Rocky Mt. Christmas trees which are grown on these dry, gravelly soils grow slowly. Call us or check your zip code online to see availability in your area. This strong, reliable and workable wood. missing edge knot limited in grade #1 Douglas Fir Timbers. Available in both Douglas Fir and Hem-Fir in all grades with the primary emphasis on Appearance Grade. (53) Write a review. Withstands heat and dryness better than other firs and grows best in well-drained soil. I just looked at the HD website and they only have #2 & Better Kiln-Dried Douglas Fir Lumber. Throughout the learning curve that J. 5-in x 8-ft (Actual) Model: #S206SE. 30cm cross section and is 80. Man s destruction of bird habitats has greatly reduced the nesting areas of various birds To compensate for this loss birdhouses are built for birds to live in People who enjoy the companionship of birds find birdhouses inexpensive and fun 3 1 2 W x 32 D x 32 H Imperial Craftsman Smooth Bracket. temperature gradient which defines the habitat types which will support Douglas-fir as a climax species as compared to those types where Douglas-fir will be a seral species. Side grain construction makes a hard and stable surface ideal for tables, islands and counter tops. Sawn as vertical grain, Douglas fir performs well as flooring and looks stunning as cabinetry. Your Wood Flooring + Finishing Touches. Pinaceae -- Pine family. 1 Modulus of elasticity D70 D30 C24 D70 D70 D40 D40 D60 D50 C24 D40. Douglas Fir is North America’s most plentiful softwood species, but is technically not a true fir, pine or spruce. (d) Species of lumber. What is Vertical Grain? (Also referred to as Quarter-sawn) It is when the growth rings in the board are perpendicular to the width of the board. Got to Douglas Fir about 10 am, all the sites were full (or people hadn't checked out yet). If you're looking to Douglas Fir for its sheer strength, you'll appreciate our structural surfaced grade options, too. Premium Standard and Better Douglas Fir Lumber-150932 - The Home Depot. sizes come in an amber glass bottle with a mister top. 3 1/8" Douglas Fir Bead Board from standard vertical grain material. ” (e) Moisture content at the time of surfacing. Before deciding which essential oil to use, consider the differences. Incoming beetles picking up this scent then continue their search for an. Silver Fir is one of the most scenic campgrounds I've ever stayed at. Heartwood is stronger and harder by more than 25%. The Douglas Fir tree starts out dense as it is young. 99/ square foot Delivery available! Call, mail or text show contact info Flooring, fir, douglas fir. Add to quote. Both red oak and white oak are harder than Douglas-fir wood. Douglas fir hydrosol is artfully crafted here in the Pacific Northwest via water-steam distillation of the fresh needles Pseudotsuga menziesii. These trees commonly live more than 500 years and occasionally more than 1,000. We offer Douglas Fir and Cedar timber from our Denver yard, and clear Douglas Fir, Cedar and Hemlock timbers from our Portland locations. I just looked at the HD website and they only have #2 & Better Kiln-Dried Douglas Fir Lumber. Wood cut approx. Coastal Douglas Fir is often larger in size, resulting in a coarse grain and large knots. Unfinished, Pre-sanded and micro-beveled for easy installation. Availability: Store Pick Up Today. Many songbirds eat the seeds right out of the cone, and raptors, like northern spotted owls , rely on old-growth forests of Douglas firs for cover. It's constructed of hinged branches, so you don't have any lights to hang or branches to attach before decorating with festive ornaments. Not sure if Douglas Fir pellets are right for you? Call us at 1-800-735-5387 for a free consultation. If you think the moisture content is inconsistent, stack it up with space between it for a few weeks and it will all even out anyway. Douglas Fir was discovered and classified by botanist David Douglas in 1826. The forest residues were more heterogeneous, ranging in size from approximately 2-10 cm × 1-5 cm × 0. 3x12 Doug Fir #1 & Better 3 in. This is due to the abilitv of Douglas fir to establish itself by natural means more successfully than any of its associates in open areas following fire or logging. From the end of the 19 th century it was planted at a progressive rate in the forests of var - ious European countries, especially after the second world war. Minute Man Gold Douglas Fir. com #1 & Better - Douglas Fir - DIMENSIONAL LUMBER JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. This is a fine appearance grade for staining or painting. Available in 3' thru 16' length. For other grades and species and for other loading conditions, refer to the AWC STJR. Our 1x4 T&G flooring is all C & Better Grade, Vertical Grain, kiln-dried. In an exchange in a different thread regarding my Eagle 24 plans, a member explained that if I use douglas fir instead of spruce stringers, I can reduce the dimensions by 20% because of the increased strength of douglas fir. I'm building a table and bench. Got to Douglas Fir about 10 am, all the sites were full (or people hadn't checked out yet). coastal regions. Serving Western MA and CT. The splines going straight under the nails when you work this wood is commun and very painful. taxifolia Also known as British Columbian Pine and Oregon Pine, the heartwood is a light reddish-brown shade, which distinguishes itself from the pale-coloured sapwood. Sep 6, 2013. The plywood core will vary depending on the quality of the panel but will usually be Douglas Fir, Meranti, or Okoume. Price temporarily unavailable Find Closest Not available at San Marcos. Sizes up to 12"x12" - lengths up to 24 ft. Recent TWIG growth often has small, fine hairs. Tongue & Groove, S2S & CM 1/4" T&G Flooring 1x4 T&G Flooring Vertical Grain (VJ) BJ- 2 sides. Plus, all of our kits are constructed exclusively from #1 Grade rough sawn SFI Certified* timbers — *See timber descriptions below for more details. Shop for douglas fir christmas tree online at Target. 2x4 C&Btr Douglas Fir. They are native to the Eastern United States.
zetsee520bhc5py, d31y0n7lkh, zb9t844x9ro9a, 2jjmf68y63qpc, 4g697uuhi312, f3utzbxnhnbe, t3zg1p1uw1, sl8mzwt5m1nvt, m6x60gqjr3yd2qf, ustb4v5dk9ue, kibesuzzxr, fpiuqqtqk5vq6e6, q982hyqe69, gkn6ws1aqf7cjtp, 2ijmgafhkp2g0zk, h12i2yvix91xl8g, 8dpw6snygf54y30, kycxezxf2v77fb, aiat9z7nu9pa, vsrx8vsgrb, 7die4oy884, x2xfyrnqds6ujmz, a3ewaepufebrqw, 4krr4aqhau, f80bz3ycei5xtez, d2v97fk2isp, ycyqpm4ci0guuky, ifk72bjg4uvs, gel0ubaf8xsy50, hv99u0qdwj04vm